2.1 The Essence of Precision Oncology

Dr. Tan is seeing a patient with breast cancer. Based on his acquired knowledge so far, he is considering genomics diagnostics.

But where does he begin? He has learned from colleagues and online courses to start with some of the “W-questions”: who, what, and when.

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Precision Oncology is the current buzzword among doctors and researchers. The treatment methods that work with Patient A, may not be as effective for Patient B, since cancer, even of the same type, genetically differs from patient to patient. With the rise of a range of diagnostics, scientists can closely monitor patients and their cancer, creating customized treatment regimens unique to them. 

The essence of precision oncology is to make cancer management more accurate for each patient based on genomic mapping and the molecular characterization of their unique tumors. This includes diagnosis, prognosis, treatment plan, treatment monitoring, and genetic counseling.

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